France travel guide


France Travel Guide

The Baroque and Rococo Period

French Baroque is an architectural style and had its beginnings in the first decade of the seventeenth century, and evolved in France during the reigns of Louis XIII (1610-43), Louis XIV (1643-1714) and Louis XV (1714-74). The best example of this style is the Palais du Luxembourg (1615-20) by Salomon de Brosse. Palais du Luxembourg

Other architects also made magnificent works of art, such as the architect Jacques Lemercier, builder of Richelieu's Palais Cardinal (begun 1633). In its place today is the Palais Royale. He also built the Church of the Sorbonne in 1635. François Mansart designed the Château de Maisons (1642), introducing the full Baroque to France. Church of the Sorbonne

The architect Louis Le Vau constructed the Vaux-le-Vicomte (1656-61), and this palace has a beautiful garden which was constructed by the gardener André Le Nôtre. This new element contributed to the development of this kind of architecture in France and in Europe and was known as the "Magnificent Manner". Vaux-le-Vicomte

Jean Baptiste Colbert was the minister of commerce and royal works in the period of the reign of Louis XIV (1661-1715), and under his direction the arts served the state. The fabulous palace of Versailles was built during this period by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart, and was used as the king's residence. The Louvre in Paris was also enlarged during this period. Palace of Versailles

When the château was built, Versailles was just a country village, but today it is now a suburb of Paris with city status in its own right. From 1682, when King Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in 1789, the Court of Versailles was the centre of power in Ancien Régime France. Palace of Versailles

Hardouin-Mansart's Bâtiments du Roi, took the shape of the rococo's more delicate and intimate manner, largely limited to interiors and works of decorative arts. Nicolas Pineau helped Hardouin-Mansart with the interiors of the royal Château de Marly. Architect Jean Aubert constructed the Château de Chantilly between 1728 and 1730. This house is one of the masterpieces of rocaille architecture. Château de Chantilly

« The Gothic Period
« The Renaissance Period
« The Baroque and Rococo Period
« The nineteenth century
« The twentieth century

« France Arquitecture

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