France travel guide


France Travel Guide

The nineteenth century

During the last decades of the eighteenth century the neoclassicism was perpetuated by monumental forms serving the political ambitions of the Second Empire (1852-70) of Napoleon III. In the mid-nineteenth century the Gothic revival was ardently championed in France by the architect and theorist Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, restorer of many of the country's most famous monuments, including Notre Dame in Paris (1842-68).

During this period, the city of Paris was extensively remodelled under Napoleon III. The French preference for classicism was institutionalized in the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, buildings such as Jean Louis Charles Garnier's spectacular Paris Opera or Palais Garnier (1861-75), located at the northern end of the Avenue de l'Opéra in the IXe arrondissement of Paris, played an important role in Baron Haussmann's modernization of the city during the Second Empire.Haussmann was commissioned to build new boulevards through the heart of the city.

During this period the most famous French building, the Eiffel tower by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1889) was constructed. Properties made of new industrial materials and construction techniques were researched by such pioneers as Henri Labrouste. The Bibliothèque Ste Geneviève (1843-50) was designed by Henri Labrouste who used a cast-iron construction.

Palais Garnier The Eiffel Tower

« The Gothic Period
« The Renaissance Period
« The Baroque and Rococo Period
« The nineteenth century
« The twentieth century

« France Arquitecture

About us | Contact us | Disclaimer | Legal Terms | Privacy Policy

© 2005 - 2020 - All rights reserved