France travel guide


France Travel Guide

The twentieth century

France was at the forefront of the creation of a new 20th-century aesthetic. In the late 19th and early 20th century, engineers and architects such as: François Hennebique, Tony Garnier, and Auguste Perret, pioneered the use of reinforced concrete construction. Charles Edouard Jeanneret, called Le Corbusier, a swiss architect, applied the modern style to French architecture in such buildings as the Villa Savoye (1929-31) outside Paris. This architect is famous for his motto : "Buildings are machines to live in.".

Following World War II in the world of Art major achievements by the French include the paintings of Jean Dubuffet, in Paris to Ricardo and Emilio Bofill's sprawling neoclassical housing development in Marne-la-Vallée (1978-83). The pyramid-shaped entrance pavilion at the Louvre was the new element added in this period (1987-89), by I. M. Pei's during President François Mitterrand government. Dominique's controversial Bibliothèque nationale (opened in 1998) is another example of modern French Architecture.

Villa Savoye Bibliothèque nationale

« The Gothic Period
« The Renaissance Period
« The Baroque and Rococo Period
« The nineteenth century
« The twentieth century

« France Arquitecture

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