The arts in this period were heavily influenced by historical facts such as the French Revolution and the wars that occurred under Napoléon's reign.The Barbizon school revived the interest in landscape painting. The romanticism championed subjective emotion, the taste for exotic subject matter and the artist's independence from social purpose.Various currents of realism had notable exponents in Honoré Daumier, J. B. C. Corot, and Gustave Courbet. Romanticism was also characterized by giving a lot of importance to naturalism.
The great artist Édouard Manet represents for many critics the evolution from nineteenth century art to modern art. He was a French painter, one of the first nineteenth century artists to approach modern-life subjects and was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His early masterworks The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia engendered great controversy, and served as rallying points for the young painters who would create Impressionism.Today these are considered watershed paintings that mark the genesis of modern art.
There are also other famous painters such as Claude Monet, Renoir, Degas, and Pissarro. And at the end of nineteenth century Post-impressionism was well represented by artists as Seurat, Van Gogh, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Gauguin. And in sculpture there were famous artists too: François Rude, A. L. Barye and J. B. Carpeaux.
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