Education is one of the main issues governments around the world have to work in. The quality of education in each country defines the prospect for the future, so governments invest huge amounts of money in the educational system. There are many countries such as France, Japan, China, USA, India, Germany, etc that have special education systems. France is concerned with giving the best education at all levels; that is why education in France is one of the best around the word.
French education system is divided into two subsystems which are: public education and private education. Public education is well-funded, organized and well-structured and it has an average to high standards. For the last two decades, schools have been compulsory for all children between 6 years and 16 years of age. Preschools have undergone a very striking advance in the education system so kids start school earlier. French children spend considerable periods of time at school so they can strengthen their knowledge.
Teachers are well-trained and well-paid in public schools, similar thing happens at universities, where teachers are paid by the state. French education system currently has three levels which are nursery schools, primary schools and secondary schools.
- Nursery school. From 3 to 6 ages. Although it is optional, more parents each year decide their children assist these schools. The objective is to develop and improve children’s coordination and communication skills
- Primary school. Known also as “ecole Primaire”. From 6 to 11 ages. The subjects that are taught are: French, Science and Technology, Mathematics, Humanities, Geographic, sports, among others. The objective is the development of the student’s intelligence, physical skills, etc. After primary school, children will have the basic knowledge and reading and written expression abilities.
- Secondary school. It is divided into two parts: collèges and lycées. Collèges, in which students receive education from 11 to 14 and Lycées in which they receive three-year education, from 15 to18, where students are prepared for the baccalaureate, knows as “le bac”. This exam can lead to higher education. Most students (around 70%) take this examination in order to enter a university
After secondary school, most students choose to apply to a university, but they attend to a preparatory school before that. There are also many competitive educational institutions where young people can continue their studies such as the Ecoles d'Ingénieurs, where one can study Sciences, Business, etc.
There is a dual university system in France: the "Grandes Ecoles" and the "Universités", the first system has no equivalent in countries such as the USA. Most French universities are considered by university rankings, because they have high educational standards that ensure the quality of education in France. They are also recognized worldwide. Many of them offer scholarships for students with low incomes, the program “Erasmus” allows all students from Europe to study in French universities and this program offer many benefits. This program shows that university courses in different countries are similar. These university courses are regulated by educational institutions so these are standardized in France.
Some of the best centers for higher education in France are:
There are many reasons why most people decide to take educational courses in France, as the ones we already listed above. Education in France may be considered one of the most important educational systems in Europe. Students from different places in the world can come to study in France.
- Ecole Normale Superieure de Paris
- Universit é Pierre et Marie Curie
- Université Paris-Sud 11
- Université René Descartes
- Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
- The American University of Paris (AUP)