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El Tour - Tour De France

Tour De France


It is an annual bicycle competition that takes place in France and surrounding countries.
This race goes between clockwise and anticlockwise circuits and transportation is sometimes available to get from a finished point to a new start point. It usually lasts 21 days and cyclists get to rest for two days. Because of its amazing demand It is considered, perhaps the most mentally and physically exhausting sport event on Earth.

There is always technical and medical support for each team following each cyclist through the whole of the race. There are 9 riders per team that support each other and the number of teams oscilate between 20 and 22.

There are many different ways for judges to score cyclists´ performance, being the basic one the time taken through the race.

History


It is well-known that many cycling competitions were held in France before the Tour de France, but none of such magnitude. The idea was conceived by a reporter, Geo Lefevre, who wanted to create this competition in order to promote sports newspaper l´Auto better, by creating the largest stage-by cycling competition he was very positive he could not only give the best promotion to the newspaper but even take competition out of business.

The first Tour took place on 1st of July, 1903 in Montgeron, a location near Paris, with 60 cyclists and it was Maurice Garin, a French cyclist who won the competition. It was in 1903 and through the Tour de France that the first cycling competition on stages took place in history.

It first took place in 1903 covering a total distance of 2.428 km, now this tour covers a total distance of 3600 km and it is the most important bicycle race in the world.

Dates


According to up-to-date information for 2011 the Tour de France will start on Saturday, July 2nd and finish on Sunday, July 24th, it will be structured on 21 stages in order to cover a distance of 3 471 km.

As usual the race will have 2 days for rest and there won´t be any bonus points on intermediate sprints. The stages will be: One team time-trial stage, three medium-level mountain stages, six mountain stages, ten flat stages and finally one individual time-trial stage.

These are the stages:


  • July 2nd: Paso del Gois-Mont des Alousettes July 3rd: Les Essarts-Les Essarts
  • July 4th: Olonne-sur-Mer-Redon
  • July 5th: Lorient-Mûr-de-Bretagne
  • July 6th: Carhaix-Cap Fréhe
  • July 7th: Dinan-Lisieux
  • July 8th: Le Mans-Châteauroux
  • July 9th: Aigurande-Super-Besse Sancy
  • July 10th: Issoire-Saint-Flour
  • July 12th: Aurillac-Carmaux
  • July 13th: Blaye-les-Mines-Lavaur
  • July 14th: Cugnaux-Luz Ardiden
  • July 15th: Pau-Lourdes
  • July 16th: Saint-Gaudens-Plateau de Beille
  • July 17th: Limoux-Montpellier
  • July 19th: Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux-Gap
  • July 20th: Gap-Pinerolo
  • July 21st: Pinerolo-Galibier
  • July 22nd: Modane-Alpe d'Huez
  • July 23rd: Grenoble-Grenoble
  • July 24th: Créteil-París

Winners for the past 10 years


2001
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
United States
Germany
France
Spain
Lance Armstrong
Erik Zabel
Laurent Jalabert
Óscar Sevilla
2002
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
United States
Australia
France
Italy
Lance Armstrong
Robbie McEwen
Laurent Jalabert
Ivan Basso
2003
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
United States
Australia
France
Russia
Lance Armstrong
Baden Cooke
Richard Virenque
Denis Menchov
2004

Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth

United States
Australia
France
Russia
Lance Armstrong
Robbie McEwen
Richard Virenque
Vladimir Karpets
2005
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
United States
Norway
Denmark
Ukraine
Lance Armstrong
Thor Hushovd
Michael Rasmussen
Yaroslav Popovych
2006
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
Spain
Australia
Denmark
Italy
Óscar Pereiro
Robbie McEwen
Michael Rasmussen
Damiano Cunego
2007
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
Spain
Belgium
Colombia
Spain
Alberto Contador
Tom Boonen
Mauricio Soler
Alberto Contador
2008
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
Spain
Spain
Spain
Luxembourg
Carlos Sastre
Óscar Freire
Carlos Sastre
Andy Schleck
2009
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
Spain
Norway
Italy
Luxembourg
Alberto Contador
Thor Hushovd
Franco Pellizotti
Andy Schleck
2010
Overall
Points
Mountains
Youth
Spain
Norway
Italy
Luxembourg
Alberto Contador
Alessandro Petacchi
Anthony Charteau
Andy Schleck



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