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History of Louvre Museum

During middle ages in the reign of Philippe Auguste, the French monarchy’s influence grew considerably in 1190 and constructed rampart around the city for its defense, then a fortress was build to reinforce the king’s defenses this fortress is called now the Louvre.

The castle continues its transformation; however, the Tuileries palace was build, and after that Louis XIII and Louis XIV had a major impact on the Louvre and Tuileries palaces resulting in the Louvre that we see today.

The Louvre experimented intensive transformation with the Revolution. During three years, Louis XVI lived in the Tuileries palace. Anne of Austria’s apartments housed the antique sculpture galleries, and further rooms and exhibition spaces were opened under Charles X.

After the demolition of the Tuileries in 1882 The Louvre began a new era devoted almost entirely to culture. Only the Finance Ministry, provisionally installed in the Richelieu wing after the Commune, remained. Slowly but surely, the museum began to take over the whole of the vast complex of buildings.


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